Human Physiology

1. Wisdom teeth normally grow during the age of “17-30 years.”

2. Short-sightedness is due to the “Elongation of eyeball.”

3. Which of the following is essential for blood clotting? “Blood platelets.”

4. The largest cell in the human body is “Nerve cell.”

5. A gas first enters into the blood and then leaves it by the process of “Diffusion.”

6. A color-blind person has difficulty in distinguishing between which colors? “Green and Red.”

7. Reflex action in the body is controlled by “Motor nerves.”

8. What is the maximum limit of sound intensity in decibel units beyond which a person cannot hear? “85.”

9. Which of the following glands is situated beneath the brain and whose over secretion produces giant-size children? “Pituitary.”

10. Reflex action is the function of “Autonomous nervous system.”

11. Which of the following combinations of chromosomes is present in males? “XY.”

12. Biological death of a patient means death of tissues of the “Brain.”

13. The pitch of the voice of women is generally “Higher than that of men.”

14. The normal temperature of the human body on the Kelvin scale is “310 K.”

15. Clotting of blood vessels is called “Thrombosis.”

16. Blood group of an individual is controlled by “Genes.”

17. Estrogens are secreted by “Ovary.”

18. Lungs are situated in the “Thoracic cavity.”

19. If the father has blood group A and the mother has blood group O, then which of the following blood groups may be found in their son? “O.”

20. Which of the following hormones contains iodine? “Thyroxin.”

21. Respiratory centre is situated in: “Medulla.”

22. During sleep, the man’s blood pressure: “Decreases.”

23. Red-Green Colour blindness in man is known as: “Protanopia.”

24. The number of factors required for blood clotting is: “13.”

25. The pH of human blood is: “7.5-8.”

26. The largest gland in the human body is: “Liver.”

27. Which of the following is a universal blood donor? “O.”

28. A heart beat requires approximately: “0.8 second.”

29. Ultra-filtering unit of the kidney is known as: “Nephron.”

30. In the human body, the leg bones are: “Fibula and Tibia.”

31. Insulin is secreted in: “Pancreas.”

32. The organ in the body which accumulates iodine is: “Thyroid gland.”

33. In metabolism, enzymes act as: “Catalyst.”

34. Life of RBC in human blood is: “120 days.”

35. Which of the following correctly explains the phenomenon of “Test tube Baby”? “When the fertilization is external and development is internal.”

36. How much blood does an average adult have in the body? “5-6 litres.”

37. Saliva in man is: “Alkaline.”

38. Any foreign particle which stimulates the formation of antibodies is called: “Antigen.”

39. The main constituent of haemoglobin is: “Iron.”

40. The maximum temperature that human skin can tolerate without getting blisters? “40 Degree Centigrade.”

41. Temperature in human beings is controlled by? “Hypothalamus Gland.”

42. How many teeth are known as milk teeth in human beings? “14.”

43. Which of the following is connected with blood pressure? “Adrenal Gland.”

44. Which of the following is known as the graveyard of RBCs? “Spleen.”

45. Retina in the eye acts as a: “Film in the camera.”

46. The largest part of the human brain is? “Cerebrum.”

47. Iron is present in the blood in the form of a? “Compound.”

48. Which of the following is not a bone in the human body? “Pericardium.”

49. A roundworm that enters the human body through the soles of the feet? “Hookworm.”

50. Only glucose is used for energy requirement by: “Brain.”

51. Nervous system is affected by the shortage of: “Sodium.”

52. The heart is covered by a membrane called: “Pericardium.”

53. Heart attack occurs due to: “Lack of blood supply to the heart itself.”

54. Allergy is caused due to: “Antigen-antibody reaction.”

55. The weight of an average human male brain is about: “1350 g.”

56. Element that is not found in blood is: “Chromium.”

57. The image formed on the retina of the eye is: “Real and inverted.”

58. The first organ to be transplanted was: “Kidney.”

59. The amount of light entering the eye is regulated by: “Iris.”

60. Bile juice is secreted by: “Liver.”

61. Pituitary gland is also known as: “Master gland.”

62. Food is mainly digested in: “Small intestine.”

63. The number of ribs in the human body is: “24.”

64. The largest lymphatic organ of the body is: “Spleen.”

65. The blood pressure is the pressure of blood in: “Arteries.”

66. The total number of bones in the human skull is: “30.”

67. The normal temperature of the human body is: “98.6 °F.”

68. Oxygen is transported to every cell of the human body by: “Red blood cells.”

69. Element present in the largest amount in the human body is: “Oxygen.”

70. In Homo sapiens, fertilization occurs in the: “Oviduct.”

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